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FAMILY VAEJOVIDAEGenus ParavaejovisGenus ParuroctonusGenus PseudouroctonusGenus SerradigitusGenus SmeringerusGenus SyntropisGenus UroctonitesGenus UroctonusGenus Vaejovis

      eusthenura group
           Vaejovis bilineatus
           Vaejovis coahuilae
        Vaejovis confusus
       Vaejovis diazi diazi
      Vaejovis diazi transmontanus
       Vaejovis eusthenura
       Vaejovis flavus
      Vaejovis galbus
      Vaejovis glabrimanus
      Vaejovis globosus
       Vaejovis gravicaudus
        Vaejovis hoffmanni hoffmanni
       Vaejovis hoffmanni fuscus
      Vaejovis punctatus punctatus
       Vaejovis punctatus spadix
      Vaejovis punctatus variegatus
       Vaejovis puritanus
      Vaejovis spinigerus
       Vaejovis viscainensis
        Vaejovis vittatus
        Vaejovis waeringi
       Vaejovis waueri
      intrepidus group
        Vaejovis intrepidus intrepidus
        Vaejovis intrepidus atrox
        Vaejovis intrepidus cristimanus
      Vaejovis occidentalis
      Vaejovis subcristatus
      mexicanus group
        Vaejovis carolinianus
        Vaejovis cashi
        Vaejovis chamelaensis
      Vaejovis chiapas
       Vaejovis chisos
        Vaejovis deboersi
        Vaejovis dugesi
        Vaejovis feti
        Vaejovis franckei
       Vaejovis granulatus
      Vaejovis jonesi
       Vaejovis lapidicola
      Vaejovis maculosus
       Vaejovis mexicanus mexicanus
      Vaejovis mexicanus smithi
      Vaejovis monticola
      Vaejovis nigrofemoratus
        Vaejovis pattersoni
       Vaejovis paysonensis
      Vaejovis pusillus
       Vaevovis rosssmanni
      Vaejovis setosus
      Vaejovis sprousei
      Vaejovis tesselatus
      Vaejovis vaquero
        Vaejovis vorhiesi
      nitidulus group    
      Vaejovis curvidigitus
      Vaejovis davidi
      Vaejovis decipiens
      Vaejovis gracilis
      Vaejovis intermedius
      Vaejovis janssi
      Vaejovis kochi
      Vaejovis mauryi
      Vaejovis minckleyi
      Vaejovis mitchelli
      Vaejovis nigrescens
      Vaejovis nitidulus
      Vaejovis norteno
      Vaejovis peninsularis
      Vaejovis platnicki
      Vaejovis pococki
      Vaejovis rubrimanus
      Vaejovis solegladi
      punctipalpi group
      Vaejovis bruneus bruneus
      Vaejovis bruneus loretoensis
      Vaejovis bruneus villosus
      Vaejovis cazieri
      Vaejovis crassimanus
      Vaejovis hirsuticauda
      Vaejovis insularis
      Vaejovis magdalensis
      Vaejovis punctipalpi punctipalpi
      Vaejovis punctipalpi barbatus
      Vaejovis punctipalpi cerralvensis
      Vaejovis russelli
      Vaejovis sonorae
      incertae sedis
      Vaejovis acapulco
      Vaejovis cisnerosi
           Vaejovis kuarapu
      Vaejovis mumai
      Vaejovis nayarit
      Vaejovis pequeno
      Vaejovis spicatus
      Vaejovis zihuatanejensis
          "Vaejovis" flavescens

Genus Vejovoidus

Catalog of the VaejovidaeVaejovid  Bibliography

Why Study the Vaejovidae?

Vaejovis spinigerus (Wood 1863)

Buthus spinigerus Wood, 1863a: 110; Wood, 1863b: 370.
Vejovis spinigerus
: Kraepelin, 1894: 203 (part); Kraepelin, 1899: 185, 187 (part); Banks, 1900a: 425; Banks, 1901b: 588; Banks, 1910: 187; Pavlovsky, 1924: 80; Pavlovsky, 1925: 151; Ewing, 1928: 13; Hoffmann, 1931: 349-353; Gertsch, 1958: 7; Bücherl, 1964: 61; Williams, 1968a: 16; Williams, 1969b: 3-18; Williams, 1970b: 326; Bücherl, 1971: 329.
Vejovis spiniger (ISS): Marx, 1890: 91.
? Vaejovis subcristatus (MIS): Borelli, 1909: 225.
Vaejovis spinigerus: Borelli, 1915: 7; Werner, 1934: 282; Stahnke, 1974a: 135; Vachon, 1974: fig. 138, 163-165 (spinigenus; erratum); Williams, 1976: 2; Williams, 1980: 55, 69-70, fig. 55D, 66, 72; Cokendolpher & Peek, 1991: 98; Sissom, 1991a: 216-219, fig. 1-4; Yahia & Sissom, 1996: 86; Sissom, 1997: 13; Kovarík, 1998: 148; Sissom & Jackman, 1998: 151; Beutelspacher, 2000: 110, 137, 141, 146, map 91; Sissom, 2000:535-536; Hendrixson 2001: 49; Soleglad & Fet, 2003a: 9, 150, figs. 5, 69, B-1, Tab. 2; Soleglad & Fet, 2005: 5.
Vejovis spinigerus spinigerus
: Hoffmann, 1931: 349-351.
Vaejovis spinigerus spinigerus: Díaz Najera, 1975: 7, 10.
Vaejovis spinigerus sonorensis: Díaz Najera, 1975: 7, 31; Vázquez & Zaragoza, 1979: 583; Beutelspacher, 2000: 110, 146, 154, map 91.
Vaejovis gravicaudus
(MIS): Williams, 1980: 63 (Isla Tiburon record only).

Buthus spinigerus
Lectotype (designated by Cokendolpher & Peek, 1991: 98): M (USNM; S-9, Jar 3), “Texas”, USA.
Vejovis spinigerus sonorensis Hoffmann Holotype: F (AMNH), Bacerac, Sonora, México.

Original description:
Buthus spinigerus Wood, 1863a: 110.

Subsequent Accounts:
Williams 1980:

DIAGNOSlS. - Adults to 68 mm long. Base color of body light brownish yellow, mesosomal dorsum with underlying dusky pigmentation forming one pair more or less distinct longitudinal stripes: metasoma with position of ventromedian and ventrolateral keels outlined as thin black stripes. Metasoma stout, segments I and II wider than long, width of segment III approximating length or slightly wider. segment IV longer than wide, segment V 1.7-1.9 times longer than wide, mature individuals with segment V wider than segments I-III: ventrolateral keels smooth and reduced, ventromedian keels obsolete, dorsal keels distinctly raised compared to dorsolateral keels.  Pedipalp with moderate fingers and moderate palm: ratio of movable-finger length to carapace length 0.8-0.9; ratio of chela length to palm width 3.2-3.7; ratio of movable finger length to palm width 2.0-2 .3: supernumerary denticles 6 on fixed finger, 7 on movable finger; primary-row denticles subdivided into 6 subrows on fixed finger, 7 subrows on movable finger; palm smooth, keels absent to obsolete, palm surface smooth and lustrous. Pectine teeth 22-27 in males, 16-22 in females.
Similar to Vaejovis gravicaudus but differs as follows: pedipalp movable finger with principal row denticles subdivided into 7 subrows by 6 slightly enlarged denticles; pedipalp movable finger with seventh (most proximal supernumerary denticle) closely paired with adjacent enlarged denticle in primary row.

Distribution: NORTH AMERICA. México (Baja California Norte - Colorado Desert region around Algodones and Rio Hardy Fish Camp, Sonora), USA (Arizona, California, New México, ?Texas).

Published Records:  
Buthus spinigerus
Paralectotypes: 1M, 1F (USNM; S-9, Jar 3), 2 M (USNM; S-10, Jar 3), "Texas".
Vejovis spinigerus sonorensis Hoffmann Paratypes: 1M, 4F, 1 juv F (AMNH), 1M, 1F (IBUNM 052), same locality as holotype.
Vejovis spinigerus Wood
: Baja California Norte, Mexico: Algodones, 18-VII-1969 (Williams, Lee); 3.2 km S Algodones, 18-VII-1969 (Williams, Lee); Rio Hardy Fish Camp. 19-VII-1969 (Williams, Lee); 6.4 km N Rio Hardy Fish Camp. 19-VII-1969 (Williams. Lee).

Notes: Sissom (2006): Aside from the type series, no published record exists that places Vaejovis spinigerus in Texas.


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