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FAMILY VAEJOVIDAEGenus ParavaejovisGenus ParuroctonusGenus PseudouroctonusGenus SerradigitusGenus SmeringerusGenus SyntropisGenus UroctonitesGenus UroctonusGenus Vaejovis

      eusthenura group
           Vaejovis bilineatus
           Vaejovis coahuilae
        Vaejovis confusus
       Vaejovis diazi diazi
      Vaejovis diazi transmontanus
       Vaejovis eusthenura
       Vaejovis flavus
      Vaejovis galbus
      Vaejovis glabrimanus
      Vaejovis globosus
       Vaejovis gravicaudus
        Vaejovis hoffmanni hoffmanni
       Vaejovis hoffmanni fuscus
      Vaejovis punctatus punctatus
       Vaejovis punctatus spadix
      Vaejovis punctatus variegatus
       Vaejovis puritanus
      Vaejovis spinigerus
       Vaejovis viscainensis
        Vaejovis vittatus
        Vaejovis waeringi
       Vaejovis waueri
      intrepidus group
        Vaejovis intrepidus intrepidus
        Vaejovis intrepidus atrox
        Vaejovis intrepidus cristimanus
      Vaejovis occidentalis
      Vaejovis subcristatus
      mexicanus group
        Vaejovis carolinianus
        Vaejovis cashi
        Vaejovis chamelaensis
      Vaejovis chiapas
       Vaejovis chisos
        Vaejovis deboersi
        Vaejovis dugesi
        Vaejovis feti
        Vaejovis franckei
       Vaejovis granulatus
      Vaejovis jonesi
       Vaejovis lapidicola
      Vaejovis maculosus
       Vaejovis mexicanus mexicanus
      Vaejovis mexicanus smithi
      Vaejovis monticola
      Vaejovis nigrofemoratus
        Vaejovis pattersoni
       Vaejovis paysonensis
      Vaejovis pusillus
       Vaevovis rosssmanni
      Vaejovis setosus
      Vaejovis sprousei
      Vaejovis tesselatus
      Vaejovis vaquero
        Vaejovis vorhiesi
      nitidulus group    
      Vaejovis curvidigitus
      Vaejovis davidi
      Vaejovis decipiens
      Vaejovis gracilis
      Vaejovis intermedius
      Vaejovis janssi
      Vaejovis kochi
      Vaejovis mauryi
      Vaejovis minckleyi
      Vaejovis mitchelli
      Vaejovis nigrescens
      Vaejovis nitidulus
      Vaejovis norteno
      Vaejovis peninsularis
      Vaejovis platnicki
      Vaejovis pococki
      Vaejovis rubrimanus
      Vaejovis solegladi
      punctipalpi group
      Vaejovis bruneus bruneus
      Vaejovis bruneus loretoensis
      Vaejovis bruneus villosus
      Vaejovis cazieri
      Vaejovis crassimanus
      Vaejovis hirsuticauda
      Vaejovis insularis
      Vaejovis magdalensis
      Vaejovis punctipalpi punctipalpi
      Vaejovis punctipalpi barbatus
      Vaejovis punctipalpi cerralvensis
      Vaejovis russelli
      Vaejovis sonorae
      incertae sedis
      Vaejovis acapulco
      Vaejovis cisnerosi
           Vaejovis kuarapu
      Vaejovis mumai
      Vaejovis nayarit
      Vaejovis pequeno
      Vaejovis spicatus
      Vaejovis zihuatanejensis
          "Vaejovis" flavescens

Genus Vejovoidus

Catalog of the VaejovidaeVaejovid  Bibliography

Why Study the Vaejovidae?

Vaejovis puritanus Gertsch 1958

Vejovis puritanus Gertsch, 1958: 11-13; Soleglad, 1973b: 359, tab. 4.Soleglad, 1973b: 359, tab. 4.
Vejovis schwenkmeyeri
Williams, 1970b: 302-307, 313, fig. 16-17 (synonymized by Williams 1980: 67); Williams, 1970f: 397, 403, 410; Soleglad, 1973b: 359, tab. 4.
Vejovis terradomus
Williams, 1970f: 403-407, fig. 5-6 (synonymized by Williams, 1980: 67); Soleglad, 1973b: 359, tab. 4.
Vaejovis schwenkmeyeri: Díaz Najera, 1975: 7, 10.
Vaejovis terradomus: Díaz Najera, 1975: 7, 17.
Vaejovis puritanus
: Williams, 1976: 2; Williams, 1980: 54, 67-69, fig. 53N, 54M, 70, 71; Williams, 1986a: 355; Kovarík, 1998: 148; Beutelspacher, 2000: 106, 137, 138, 154, map 87; Sissom, 2000:535; Soleglad & Fet, 2003a: 9, 150, figs. 70, B-1.
Vaejovis puritanus
"form" schwenkmeyeri: Beutelspacher, 2000: 106, 154, map 87.
Vaejovis puritanus
"form" terradomus: Beutelspacher, 2000: 106, 154, map 87.

Vejovis puritanus, holotype (male): AMNH; Santo Tomas, Baja California Norte, 8-VII-1953, W. J. and J. W. Gertsch.
Vejovis schwenkmeyeri
, holotype (male): CAS, Type No. 10426, Bahia de los Angeles, Baja California Norte, Mexico, 19-VI-1968, S. C. Williams, M. A. Cazier.
Vejovis terradomus Williams, holotype (male): CAS, Type No. 10428; 1.6 km SW Rancho Canipole, Baja California Sur, Mexico, 15-V-1969, S. C. Williams.

Original description:
Vejovis puritanus Gertsch, 1958: 11-13.

Subsequent Accounts
Williams 1980:

"Diagnosis. - Adults to 65 mm long. Base color of body golden-yellow, with or without contrasting dark underlying markings on carapace and mesosomal dorsum, pedipalp fingers slightly more reddish than palm. Metasoma with ventromedian keels smooth to obsolete on segments I-III, smooth with about 6 posterior crenulations on IV; ventrolateral keels smooth to subtly crenulate on segments I—III, crenulate on IV; segment I with length approximating width; segment II as long as wide or longer; segment III longer than wide; segment V 2.3-2.8 times longer than wide. Pedipalp moderately slender, ratio of movable-finger length to carapace length 0.9-1.1: ratio of chela length to palm width 3.9-4.4 in males, 4.6-5.3 in females; ratio of movablefinger length to palm width 2.5-3.0 in males, 3.1-3.6 in females; supernumerary granules 6 on fixed finger, 7 on movable finger; primary-row denticles subdivided into 5 subrows on fixed finger, 6 subrows on movable finger. Pectine teeth 17-19 in males, 14-17 in females.
Similar to V. viscainensis and V. waeringi. Distinguished from V. viscainensis as follows: metasoma length less than 8.5 times width of segment V; ratio of movable-finger length to palm width 3.5 or less in males, less than 3.8 in females; dorsal keels of segment III with fewer than 25 crenulations; pedipalp palm equal to or wider than brachium in width. Distinguished from V. waeringi as follows: pedipalp fixed finger with primary-row denticles separated into 5 subrows by 4 slightly enlarged denticles; pedipalp fixed finger with supernumerary granule 6 (proximal one) not closely paired with adjacent enlarged denticle in primary row."

Distribution: NORTHAMERICA. México (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur), USA (southwestern California).

Published Records:  
Vejovis puritanus
Gertsch, 1958
Allotype: AMNH; Jacumba, San Diego County, California, 10-VIII-1955, W. J. Gertsch.
Baja California Norte, Mexico: 14 km E Tecate, 17-VII-1969 (Williams, Lee)("puritanus race"); 10 km S Tecate, 17-VII-1969 (Williams, Lee)("puritanus race"); 40 km S Tecate. 17-VII-1969 (Williams, Lee)("puritanus race"); 31 km N Rancho El Topo, Sierra Juarez, 16-VII-1969 (Williams, Lee)("puritanus race"); 11 km NE Rosarito, 30-IV-1973 (Doyen, CIS)("puritanus race"); La Mision, 14-VI1-1969 (Williams, Lee)("puritanus race"); 6.4 km SE Ojos Negros, 15-V1I-I969 (Williams, Lee)("puritanus race"); 8.0 km E Ensenada, 15-VII-I969 (Williams, Lee)("puritanus race"); 18 km E Puerto Santo Tomas, 11-VII-1969 (Williams, Lee)("puritanus race"); 3.2 km SE Quintin, 22-VII-1968 (Rodrigues)("puritanus race"); 11 km N Santa Maria, 12-VII-1969 (Williams, Lee)("puritanus race"); Socorro Sand Dunes, 12-VII- I969 (Williams, Lee)("puritanus race"); EI Rosario, 6-IV-1969 (Williams)("puritanus race"); 17 km E El Rosario, 5-V-I961 (Gertsch, Roth. AMNH)("puritanus race"); 37 km S EI Marmol, Rancho San Luis, 12-1-1965 (Roth. AMNH)("puritanus race"); 6.4 km S El Arenoso, 8-IV-1969 (Williams)("puritanus race"); 3.2 km NW Santa Ynez Ranch, 27-III-1973 (Doyen, CIS)("puritanus race"); Mision Calamajue, 3-X-1973 (Doyen, CIS)("puritanus race"); 36.4 km NW Laguna Chapala , 27-V-1961(Lindsay)("puritanus race"); 11 km W La Borja, 22-II-1966 (Snelling, LACM)("puritanus race"); Isla Cedros, 13-17-IV-I963 (Banks)("puritanus race"). Baja California Sur: 27 km E San Ignacio (Mision), 25-II-1965 (Roth, AMNH)("puritanus race"). ("schwenkmeyeri race"): Baja California Norte, Mexico: 0.8 km S La Virgen, 8-IV-1969 (Williams)("schwenkmeyeri race"); 18 km N Rancho Mezquital, 15-IV-1969 (Williams), Baja California Sur("schwenkmeyeri race"); 42 km S El Arco, 17-IV-1969 (Williams)("schwenkmeyeri race"); 4.8 km SE Rancho Tablon, 23-VI-1968 (Williams, Cazier)("schwenkmeyeri race"); Isla Coronados, SW end, 25-V-1970 (Williams, Lee)("schwenkmeyeri race").
("terradomus race"): Baja California Norte, Mexico: 39 km S Santa Ines, 7-VII-1973 (Williams, Blair)("terradomus race"). Baja California Sur: 4.8 km NW San Ignacio, 22-11-1966 (Roth, AMNH)("terradomus race"); Isla Coronado, 3-IV-1962 (Belvedere Expedition)("terradomus race").
Vejovis schwenkmeyeri Williams Paratypes: 75M, 79F (CAS, including allotype F),  Bahia de los Angeles, Baja California Norte, Mexico, 1 9—VI—1968, S. C. Williams, M. A. Cazier.
Vejovis terradomus
Williams Paratypes: 6M, 3F (CAS), 1.6 km SW Rancho Canipole, Baja California Sur, Mexico, 15-V-1969, S. C. Williams.

Williams 1980:

"REMARKS.- Vaejovis puritanus is a variable, widely distributed species. Originally it was recognized as three allopatric species: V . puritanus, V . schwenkmeyeri, and V. terradomus. These three are distinguished by color pattern, ratio of body parts, and pedipalp-scallop size, but they appear to be geographic races and are here referred to as the puritanus race, the schwenkmeyeri race, and the terradomus race. The puritanus race occurs along the Pacific coast and foothill regions of southern California and Baja California. It can be recognized by having carapace and mesosomal dorsum with conspicuous dusky to dark markings, and pedipalps of mature males with a very small open space rmaining between fingers with chela closed. The schwenkmeyeri race occurs in the desert regions of the Baja California peninsula in the upper Gulf of California region and differs from puritanus in being pale yellow in color (lacking dark or dusky underlying markings), and by having mature-male pedipalps with a large distinct space remaining proximally between fingers with chela closed. The terradomus race occurs further to the south and east and generally has faint, underlying, dusky markings, somewhat like puritanus, and with open pedipalp gap between fingers like that in schwenkmeyeri. Terradomus tends to have the ventrolateral keels of the metasoma more crenulate than in puritanus and schwenkmeyeri." and "Puritanus race: San Ignacio north to southern California; Schwenkmeyeri race: La Purisima north to Puertecitos; Terradomus race: Loreto region."


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