REVSYS: SYSTEMATICS OF THE
SCORPION FAMILY VAEJOVIDAE
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FAMILY VAEJOVIDAEGenus ParavaejovisGenus ParuroctonusGenus Pseudouroctonus
     Pseudouroctonus andreas
     Pseudouroctonus angelenus
     Pseudouroctonus apacheanus
     Pseudouroctonus bogerti
     Pseudouroctonus cazieri
     Pseudouroctonus chicano
     Pseudouroctonus glimmei
     Pseudouroctonus iviei
     Pseudouroctonus lindsayi
     Pseudouroctonus minimus
          Pseudouroctonus m. minimus
          Pseudouroctonus m. castaneus
          Pseudouroctonus m. thompsoni
     Pseudouroctonus reddelli
     Pseudouroctonus rufulus
     Pseudouroctonus
savassi
     Pseudouroctonus sprousei
     Pseudouroctonus williamsi

Genus SerradigitusGenus SmeringerusGenus SyntropisGenus UroctonitesGenus UroctonusGenus VaejovisGenus Vejovoidus

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Pseudouroctonus apacheanus (Gertsch & Soleglad 1972)

Uroctonus apacheanus Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972: 568, 575-577; Soleglad, 1973b: 353; Sissom & Jackman, 1998: 151.
Vejovis apacheanus
: Stahnke, 1974: 130, 136.
Vaejovis apacheanus
: Williams & Savary, 1991: 284.
Pseudouroctonus apacheanus
: Stockwell, 1992: 410.
Uroctonusapacheanus: Sissom, 1997: 13.
Pseudouroctonus apachenus
(ISS): Kovarík, 1998: 144; Sissom, 2000:515; Soleglad & Fet, 2003a: 8, 58, fig. 74; Prendini & Wheeler, 2005: 479.

type(s) :  Uroctonus apacheanus Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972:  Female holotype from the Southwestern Research Station grounds, 5400 ft., 5 mi. SW Portal, Cochise County, Arizona, July 1, 1967 (V. Roth), in the collection of the American Museum of Natural History.

Original Description:
Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972:

"DIAGNOSIS: Smaller, more slender, more granulated scorpion than huachuca, readily distinguished by following features: average length about 25 mm., with some females attaining 35 mm.; median eye tubercle placed well in front of middle of carapace; frontal emargination on carapace less deep than that of huachuca; pectinal tooth count averaging 10 for females, 11 for males; lower margin of movable finger of chelicera essentially smooth; chela smaller than that of huachuca, with hand less inflated.
...
COLORATION: Similar to that of huachuca, quite uniform tan to dark reddish brown, with all carinae darker.
STRUCTURE: Similar to huachuca in basic features unless otherwise indicated. Descriptive data and measurements (table 2) based largely on specimens from Portal, Cochise County, Arizona. Structure similar in both sexes except as noted.
Carapace: In both sexes densely provided with medium-sized granules; frontal margin with six short setae. Frontal emargination shallowly rounded. Ocular tubercle far in advance of middle of carapace. Median eyes small, 0.19 mm., separated by full diameter. Lateral eyes typically three in number; posterior eye smallest, often missing.
Preabdomen: All segments liberally provided with medium-sized granules, most numerous in males; tergite VII with prominent keels, each one with about 15 large, rounded granules, and intercarinal spaces with numerous large granules.
Cauda: First and second caudal segments of both sexes distinctly broader than long; third segment about as broad as long. All keels prominent, distinctly granulated to give serrated appearance in lateral view, with distal granule in each series raised on sharp point; single inferior median keel of segment V distinct to apex; intercarinal spaces on segment V with many heavy granules above and on sides.
Telson: Similar to that of huachuca: vesicle somewhat narrower than fifth caudal
segment, smooth above, lightly granulated below and around sides, especially near base; sting about half as long as vesicle.
Pectines: Like those of huachuca but with more elements. Middle lamellae, six in females, seven in males; pectinal teeth, nine or 10 in females, 10 or 11 in males; outer tooth larger than others.
Chelicerae: Keel on lower margin of movable finger essentially smooth, in  few cases slightly crenulated, but without development of distinct denticles.
Pedipalps: Chela of medium stoutness, with movable finger somewhat shorter than palm; palm narrower, not inflated on inner side. Superior carina prominent, crenulate to lightly granulated; all other carinae granulated. Inner flanking teeth of fixed finger, six, of movable finger, seven.
Walking legs: With basic spination of huachuca, with relatively short spines; single row of spinules on venter oftarsus not flanked by short setae."

subsequent accounts:
Sissom and Hendrickson 2005:39,40 -  Key to the Vaejovid Scorpion Species of Northeastern México - Dorsolateral carinae of metasoma (at least on segments I–III) with an enlarged terminal denticle; legs I–III with irregular setation (except in V. globosus, which has setal combs, – but has the enlarged terminal denticle on the metasoma) Trichobothria ib and it situated at base of chela fixed finger; Pectinal tooth 9–13 in males, 8–11 in females; pedipalp chela with ventral face flattened and without ventromedian carina; adults are small reddish brown scorpions..... Pseudouroctonus apacheanus*

distribution: NORTH AMERICA. USA (mountains of southern Arizona, southern New Mexico, western Texas).

Published Records:  Arizona: Cochise County: Chiricahua Mountains: Southwestern Research Station, 5400 ft., 5 mi. W Portal, June-August (V. Roth, W. J. Gertsch, E. Ordway, etc.), many males, females, immatures. Portal, March-August (W. J. Gertsch), males, females. Paradise road, 3 mi. W Portal, March 23, 1969 (J. Bigelow), female, with young. Two mi. W Portal, July 23, 1969 (J. Bigelow), female. South Fork of Cave Creek, 5000 ft., July 22, 1969 (M. A. Cazier, J. Bigelow), female. Thirteen to 16 mi. W Portal on Rustler Park road, July 31, 1965 (S. C. Williams), males, females, immatures, under flat rocks in clearings on sloping hillsides, pine and pine-oak communities. Rustler Park to I12 mi. N, 8200 to 8600 ft., July 22, 1969 (M. A. Cazier, J. Bigelow), males, females, immatures, along road cuts, rock outcrops and cliffs. Onion Saddle to 3 mi. SE, 6500 ft to 7600 ft., July 21, 1969 (M. A. Cazier, J. Bigelow), males, females, immatures, along road cuts. Graham County: Dry camp, Mt. Graham, near Safford, July 14, 1956 (W. J. Gertsch, V. Roth). Pima County: Molino Basin, Santa Catalina Mountains, July 24, 1965 (W. J. Gertsch), female. Brown Canyon, Baboquivari Mountains, July 19, 1959 (V. Roth), three females, immatures; April 22, 1961 (W. J. Gertsch), females. Santa Cruz County: 1' mi. SW Pena Blanca Lake, September 2, 1967 (R. S. Funk), female. South end of Pena Blanca Lake, March 21, 1967 (V. Lee), two males, seven females, under rocks in oak woodland. Sycamore Canyon, Atascosa Mountains, March 21, 1967 (V. Lee), female, under rock in oak-grassland; June 21, 1969 (M. A. Cazier, J. Bigelow), male, female. Madera Canyon, Santa Rita Mountains, August 22, 1966 (S. C. Williams), female with second instar young from under rock; March 22, 1967 (V. Lee), female, under stone in pinion woodland; August 22, 1966 (S. C. Williams), male, female, under rocks above stream; August 16, 1942 (C. M. Bogert), two females. 71 mi. NE Patagonia, October 21, 1965 (W. Minckley), female. New Mexico: Eddy County: Whites City, October 5, 1961 (W. J. Gertsch), four immature. Texas: Val Verde County: Painted Rock Railroad cut, on west bank of Amestad Reservoir, 1000 ft., September 6, 1969 (M. A. Cazier, J. Bigelow), male. Jeff Davis County: Elbow Canyon Creek, 5800 ft., Davis Mountains, 21 mi. NW Fort Davis, August 26, 1967 (W. J. Gertsch, R. Hastings), two males, female, immature. Brewster County: The Basin, 6000 ft., Chisos Mountains, Big Bend National Park, August 25, 1967 (W. J. Gertsch, R. Hastings), three males, female, immatures, under rocks and ground debris in arroyo.

notes: Gertsch and Soleglad (1972) named this species "for the Apache Indians who lived in and ranged widely throughout the area where this species occurs."

 


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